Preservation of Molecular, Cellular and Tissue Biospecimens

Biospecimens are macromolecules (DNA, proteins, enzymes, etc.), cells, tissues, and bodily fluids that are used for diagnostic, therapeutic, and epidemiologic purposes. Collection and storage of biospecimens have gained such prominence that biobanking was featured in the March 12th, 2009 issue of the Time Magazine as one of the “10 Ideas Changing the World Right Now: What’s Next 2009”. National biorepositories have been established in Britain, Canada, Sweden, Iceland, Norway and Luxembourg whereas there is yet no national biorepository in the US.  Biospecimens are typically collected and one location and most often used later in another  location.  The ability to maintain the critical biological characteristics of the biospecimen during transit and storage is critical to its use.